• Polling

Two in Three Battleground Constituents Support Policies Aimed at Growing the Middle Class

Wednesday, August 2, 2023 By Vishwa Bhatt
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Economic Branding In The Battleground

This Navigator Research report contains polling data on Americans’ latest perceptions of the economy, how party trust varies across a range of economic issues, and which policies constituents believe will result in economic growth. 

Nearly three in four battleground constituents rate the economy negatively as inflation remains top of mind.


71 percent of constituents in battleground districts view the state of the economy as “poor” or “not so good,” down four points from April (75 percent). The share who view the economy as “good” or “excellent” is up five points from April (from 23 to 28 percent); with positive sentiment on the economy driven by Democrats (net +9; 54 percent positive – 45 percent negative). 

  • Inflation and the cost of living remain top of mind for battleground constituents as two in five say this issue should be a top priority for Congress (40 percent) including a majority of Republicans (53 percent), half of independents (50 percent), and one in four Democrats (25 percent).
  • Negative sentiment on the economy in battleground districts is driven by Republicans, 94 percent of whom rate the economy negatively. Negative economic sentiment is also driven by white Americans who completed a high school education at most (86 percent) and blue collar workers (84 percent). 
  • Conversely, the most positive economic views are among white Democrats (net +24; 62 percent positive – 38 percent negative), nearly half of Black Americans (46 percent), and those with graduate level education or advanced degrees (46 percent). 
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Democrats in The Battleground Now View Economy As Net Positive, Still Deeply Underwater With Independents and Republicans
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Inflation Remains A Top Issue For Voters, Particularly Among Independents

Republican figures are widely viewed unfavorably by battleground constituents.


By a 12-point margin, a majority of battleground constituents view Republicans unfavorably (55 percent unfavorable – 43 percent favorable). This negative sentiment also extends to “MAGA Republicans in Congress” (net -14; 53 percent unfavorable – 39 percent favorable) and Donald Trump (net -13; 57 percent unfavorable – 43 percent favorable), who both see net negative favorability with even more intensity from battleground constituents: while Republicans in Congress receive 39 percent “very unfavorable” ratings, “MAGA Republicans in Congress” and Donald Trump receive 47 percent and 50 percent “very unfavorable” ratings, respectively. 

Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Republican National Figures and the Party in Congress are Underwater by Double Digits in The Battleground

Democratic incumbents are more favorable than Republican incumbents in the battleground.


Democratic incumbents in the battleground receive positive ratings overall at net +7 approval (39 percent approve – 32 percent disapprove). Conversely, Republican incumbents fare worse at net -2 approval ratings (35 percent approve – 37 percent disapprove).

Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Democratic Incumbents Have a Net Positive Popularity and Job Rating; Republican Incumbents Are Mixed on Both Metrics

While Republicans are broadly viewed unfavorably, more constituents trust Republicans to handle the economy, while a greater share trust in Democrats to focus on the right issues overall.


Republicans are trusted more by battleground constituents to handle the economy (44 percent Republican Party – 36 percent Democratic Party), but Democrats are more trusted on both “supporting the right policies in Congress” (41 percent Democratic Party – 37 percent Republican Party) and “looking out for people like me” (39 percent Democratic Party – 36 percent Republican Party).

  • Black Americans overwhelmingly trust the Democratic Party more to handle economic issues (net +58; 68 percent Democratic Party – 10 percent Republican Party). Demographic groups who are more split on party trust for economic issues in the battleground include women (net +2; 40 percent Democratic Party – 38 percent Republican Party), college-educated voters (40 percent Democratic Party – 40 percent Republican Party), and those under the age of 35 (35 percent Democratic Party – 36 percent Republican Party).
  • Battleground constituents are evenly split about who to blame for the national deficit: 45 percent believe that “Republican tax cuts for billionaires and corporations” has a bigger impact on increasing the national debt, while the same share believe that “Democratic spending on government programs, like food stamps, unemployment, and COVID relief” is more to blame for the deficit (46 percent).
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Voters Split On Party Trust For Personal Economy, Republicans Have Advantage On The Economy Overall

Constituents believe Republicans are prioritizing the wealthy and non-economic issues over the middle class.


By a 16-point margin, battleground constituents believe Republicans have largely prioritized the wrong things since taking control of Congress (37 percent right priorities – 53 percent wrong priorities). This is largely driven by the belief that Republicans have focused more on non-economic issues since taking control of Congress (net -30; 29 percent focused on economic issues – 59 percent focused on non-economic issues).

  • Battleground constituents believe Republican policies are too focused on helping the wealthy and corporations, with 60 percent of battleground constituents saying Republican policies help the wealthy and corporations too much. This mirrors the top concerns battleground constituents have about Republicans, including that “Republicans in Congress want to increase the deficit to give a massive tax break to billionaires and big corporations” (55 percent “very serious” concern), followed by “Republicans in Congress put the interests of big drug and insurance companies ahead of regular Americans” (51 percent “very serious” concern).
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: By 30 Points, Voters View Republicans As Focused More on Non-Economic Issues
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: 6-in-10 Voters Believe That Republicans’ Policies Help the Wealthy And Corporations Too Much
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Cutting Taxes for the Wealthy and Big Corporations Continues to be a Vulnerability for Republicans

An overwhelming majority of battleground constituents say that growing the middle class will drive economic growth instead of trickle-down economics. 


Two-thirds of those in the battleground agree with the progressive approach to economic policy that a stronger middle class will drive economic growth and that economic policies should focus on “improving incomes, ensuring access to affordable education, and reducing middle class taxes, all while making the wealthy pay their fair share” (65 percent). This includes two in three independents (net +42; 67 percent progressive approach – 25 percent conservative approach) and even 41 percent of Republicans. Less than one in three believe in the conservative trickle-down approach that job creation will drive economic growth and that Congress should focus on “cutting taxes on businesses and entrepreneurs while reducing regulations standing in the way of building strong companies with good-paying jobs” (31 percent). 

Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Voters Overwhelmingly View The Middle Class As Driving The Economy
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Two Thirds of Voters Say That Republicans’ And Democrats’ Policies Don’t Help The Middle Class Enough

Americans Support Raising Taxes on the Wealthy and Big Corporations

Polling data on Americans’ support for raising taxes on the wealthy, perceptions of the positions of Democrats in Congress and Republicans in Congress on taxes, and who Americans trust most to handle cost of living and making the tax system more fair.

Inflation and the Economy Remain Top Issue Priorities for Americans

Polling on the top issues facing the country, perceptions of which party is most trusted to handle those issues, and the latest perceptions of both President Biden and former President Trump.

Democrats in Congress Seen As Most Likely to Protect Abortion Rights

Battleground perceptions on Democratic lawmakers, including favorability ratings and trust levels by issue.

About The Study

Impact Research conducted public opinion surveys among a sample of 1,500 likely 2024 general election voters from July 6-12, 2023. The survey was conducted by a mix of text-to-web (74 percent) and an opt-in, online panel (26 percent). Respondents were verified against a voter file and special care was taken to ensure the demographic composition of our sample matched that of the 61 congressional districts included in the sample across a variety of demographic variables. The margin of error for the full sample at the 95 percent level of confidence is +/- 2.5 percentage points. The margin for error for subgroups varies and is higher.

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About Navigator

In a world where the news cycle is the length of a tweet, our leaders often lack the real-time public-sentiment analysis to shape the best approaches to talking about the issues that matter the most. Navigator is designed to act as a consistent, flexible, responsive tool to inform policy debates by conducting research and reliable guidance to inform allies, elected leaders, and the press. Navigator is a project led by pollsters from Global Strategy Group and GBAO along with an advisory committee, including: Andrea Purse, progressive strategist; Arkadi Gerney, The Hub Project; Joel Payne, The Hub Project; Christina Reynolds, EMILY’s List; Delvone Michael, Working Families; Felicia Wong, Roosevelt Institute; Mike Podhorzer, AFL-CIO; Jesse Ferguson, progressive strategist; Navin Nayak, Center for American Progress Action Fund; Stephanie Valencia, EquisLabs; and Melanie Newman, Planned Parenthood Action Fund.

For press inquiries contact: press@navigatorresearch.org