• Polling

Two in Three Americans Are Concerned the Events of January 6th Could Happen Again

Wednesday, December 13, 2023 By Gabriela Parra
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Poll: Political Violence and January 6th

This Navigator Research report contains polling data on Americans’ perceptions of political violence in the United States, including the level of concern about political violence now and in the future, the most concerning and credible statements about the January 6th insurrection, and what Americans view as the most concerning responses from Republicans in Congress to January 6th. 

Across party lines, at least four in five Americans are concerned about political violence in the United States today.


83 percent of Americans are concerned about political violence, a plurality of whom are “very” concerned (42 percent). Concern is felt strongly across partisanship, including among more than four in five Democrats (86 percent), independents (83 percent), and Republicans (80 percent). A similar share of Americans are concerned about political violence in the United States in the future (85 percent), with a greater share of Democrats (93 percent concerned, 50 percent “very” concerned) than independents (73 percent concerned, 38 percent “very” concerned) and Republicans (79 percent concerned, 29 percent “very” concerned).

  • When asked what “political violence” meant, Democrats most often cited “January 6th” and “Trump,” independents cited “attacks,” “protests,” “riots,” and “fighting,” and Republicans frequently cited “fighting,” “riots,” “Democrats,” and “Black Lives Matter.”
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: More Than Four in Five Are Concerned About Political Violence Today and in the Future
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: January 6th, Riots Define Political Violence for Many Americans

People believe the Republican Party is more inclined to use violence than the Democratic Party.


By an 11-point margin, more Americans believe the Republican Party is more prone to violence in pushing their agenda than the Democratic Party (47 percent Republicans – 36 percent Democrats – 17 percent not sure), including by a 15-point margin among independents (38 percent Republicans – 23 percent Democrats – 39 percent not sure). “Trump” and “January 6th” are the most frequently cited factors for those who feel the Republican Party is more prone to violence in pushing their agenda.

Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Republicans Remain Seen As More Prone to Political Violence, Defined by Trump and January 6th

Two in three Americans are concerned the events of January 6th could happen again.


Three in four Americans oppose the actions of the Trump supporters who attacked the Capitol on January 6th, as two in three are concerned it could happen again. By a 59-point margin, three in four oppose the actions of the Trump supporters who broke into the Capitol building on January 6th (16 percent support – 75 percent oppose), including nearly nine in ten Democrats (87 percent), four in five independents (82 percent), and three in five Republicans (59 percent), with higher levels of opposition among those who do not identify as MAGA Republicans (72 percent) compared to Republicans who do identify with the MAGA movement (47 percent). 

  • Two in three Americans are concerned that events like those on January 6th at the Capitol could happen again (net +32; 66 percent concerned – 34 percent not concerned) with one in three who are “very” concerned (33 percent). Across partisanship, concern is primarily driven by Democrats (87 percent), but also includes three in five independents (59 percent) and nearly half of Republicans (net -12; 44 percent concerned – 56 percent not concerned) who feel the same.
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Three in Four Oppose Actions of Rioters That Day; Seven in Ten Recall Watching January 6th Coverage
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Two in Three Are Concerned About a Repeat of Events Like Those on January 6th
Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Trump Dominates Recollections of Efforts to Overturn Election Results in 2020

The most concerning and credible events on January 6th are the death of police, assaults, break-ins, and the number of arrests.


The statements found to be the most true and concerning included that “more than 2,000 rioters ultimately broke into the Capitol, many of whom vandalized and looted parts of the building” (69 percent true, 72 percent concerning), that “approximately 140 police officers were assaulted by rioters” (64 percent true, 71 percent concerning), that “five people died as a result of the events on January 6th, including Capitol police officers” (60 percent true, 75 percent concerning), and that “more than a thousand people have been arrested for their actions on January 6th” (62 percent true, 66 percent concerning).

Bar graph of polling data from Navigator Research. Title: Americans Most Recognize the Number of Rioters, Casualties, Police Assaults as True
Bar graph of polling data on political violence. Title: Most Concerning Details from January 6th: Police Deaths and Assaults, Break-Ins, and Armed Supporters
Bar graph of polling data on political violence. Title: The Most Concerning and Credible Events on January 6th Include Police Deaths and Assaults, Break-Ins, and Arrests

Americans have concerns about Congressional Republicans’ response to the January 6th attack.


The most concerning statements about Republicans in Congress’ response to the attack are about assisting or encouraging the attack, propping up white supremacist factions, and voting against investigating basic facts of what happened that day. Seven in ten Americans find it concerning that Republicans in Congress “continue to allow the white supremacist factions present at the January 6th attack to play a dominant role in deciding the direction of the Republican Party” (71 percent concerning, including 71 percent of independents), that “they voted against investigating basic facts about what happened at the attack at the Capitol building on January 6th “(71 percent concerning, including 70 percent of independents), and that “some Republican members assisted or encouraged the organizers of the attack on January 6th (70 percent concerning, including 73 percent of independents). Other top concerning statements about how some Republicans in Congress responded to January 6th include that:

  • They have proven they will not respect the outcomes of the election where they do not like the results and could put the 2024 election in jeopardy (69 percent concerning, including 70 percent of independents); and, 
  • They continue to spread Donald Trump’s lie that the 2020 election was stolen, which directly led to the Capitol attack (65 percent concerning, including 65 percent of independents).
Bar graph of polling data on U.S. political violence. Title: Most Concerning: GOP Politicians Helping on January 6th, White Supremacy, Votes Against Investigations, Jeopardizing 2024

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About The Study

Global Strategy Group conducted public opinion surveys among a sample of 1,000 registered voters from November 30-December 4, 2023. 100 additional interviews were conducted among Hispanic voters. 75 additional interviews were conducted among Asian American and Pacific Islander voters. 100 additional interviews were conducted among African American voters. 100 additional interviews were conducted among independent voters. The survey was conducted online, recruiting respondents from an opt-in online panel vendor. Respondents were verified against a voter file and special care was taken to ensure the demographic composition of our sample matched that of the national registered voter population across a variety of demographic variables.

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About Navigator

In a world where the news cycle is the length of a tweet, our leaders often lack the real-time public-sentiment analysis to shape the best approaches to talking about the issues that matter the most. Navigator is designed to act as a consistent, flexible, responsive tool to inform policy debates by conducting research and reliable guidance to inform allies, elected leaders, and the press. Navigator is a project led by pollsters from Global Strategy Group and GBAO along with an advisory committee, including: Andrea Purse, progressive strategist; Arkadi Gerney, The Hub Project; Joel Payne, The Hub Project; Christina Reynolds, EMILY’s List; Delvone Michael, Working Families; Felicia Wong, Roosevelt Institute; Mike Podhorzer, AFL-CIO; Jesse Ferguson, progressive strategist; Navin Nayak, Center for American Progress Action Fund; Stephanie Valencia, EquisLabs; and Melanie Newman, Planned Parenthood Action Fund.

For press inquiries contact: press@navigatorresearch.org